ISTANBUL — Turkey launched a long-threatened military offensive in northern Syria on Wednesday with airstrikes and artillery fire, after a U.S. decision to abandon its Syrian-Kurdish partners.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan confirmed the offensive, called “Operation Peace Spring,” which started at 4 p.m. local time and drew swift condemnation from Ankara’s Western allies.
President Donald Trump, who paved the way for the Turkish incursion by pulling back U.S. troops in an abrupt policy shift, called it a “bad idea” and said he didn’t endorse the operation.
Erdogan said it was targeting Islamic State and the Syrian-Kurdish People’s Protection Units, or YPG, which Turkey considers to be linked to the outlawed Kurdistan Workers’ Party, PKK, waging an insurgency within the country.
“Our mission is to prevent the creation of a terror corridor across our southern border, and to bring peace to the area,” he said.
Trump said: “Turkey is now responsible for ensuring all ISIS fighters being held captive remain in prison and that ISIS does not reconstitute in any way, shape, or form.”
The Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces, which has been the main partner allied with the U.S. in defeating Islamic State, dominates a swathe of territory in northeastern Syria.
A Kurdish source said that the SDF halted all military operations against Islamic State after the start of Turkey’s operation.
“The priority now is to protect the border and focus on confronting Turkey. All SDF forces have been mobilized in areas near the border with Turkey,” the source told dpa on condition of anonymity.
Turkish warplanes hit the two Syrian border towns of Ras al-Ain and Tal Abyad, said YPG spokesman Nouri Mahmoud.
“Turkish warplanes have started to carry out airstrikes on civilian areas. There is a huge panic among people of the region,” tweeted SDF spokesman Mustafa Bali.
The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said one Kurdish fighter was killed and 13 people, including five civilians, were injured in shelling.
The wounded also included eight SDF fighters, Observatory head Rami Abdel-Rahman said, in the border towns of Ras al-Ain and Qamishli.
Turkish jets have hit as deep as 30 kilometers, or 18 miles, into Syrian territory, state news agency Anadolu reported.
Turkey’s Defense Ministry said it will only target “terrorists and their shelters, posts, weapons and equipment,” and not harm civilians or infrastructure.
This is Turkey’s third offensive in three years aimed at Syrian-Kurdish militias, after Operation Euphrates Shield in 2016 and Operation Olive Branch in 2018.
Erdogan has been impatiently pushing for the removal of Syrian Kurdish forces along Turkey’s border, and also wants to resettle 1million to 2 million Syrian refugees in a buffer zone.
“#OperationPeaceSpring will neutralize terror threats against Turkey and lead to the establishment of a safe zone, facilitating the return of Syrian refugees to their homes,” Erdogan said.
The presidency released photographs of a solitary Erdogan, flanked by two Turkish national flags, staring into a tablet as he gave the go order.
The Defense Ministry in Ankara said it informed the U.S., Russia, Germany, Britain, France, Italy, NATO and the United Nations about its planned operation two hours before it started.
NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg said “it is important to avoid actions that may further destabilize the region, escalate tensions and cause more human suffering.”
Turkey has the second-largest military in the alliance. Stoltenberg said he will discuss the crisis with Erdogan during a visit scheduled for Friday in Istanbul.
The U.N. Security Council plans to meet today.
European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker urged Ankara to end its operations, and said the European Union will not help fund a safe zone for refugees that Turkey plans to create.
“Turkey is condoning further destabilization of the region and is risking a resurgence of Islamic State,” German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas said.
Egypt condemned Turkey’s “unacceptable, flagrant aggression,” and called for an emergency Arab League meeting.
Turkish state broadcaster TRT said the army hit five posts in Ras al-Ain, while artillery units were pounding Syrian Kurdish militia posts in the strategic northern Syrian town of Tal Abyad.
Turkish units based in Sanliurfa’s Akcakale district, some 6 kilometres from Tal Abyad, were targeting ammunition depots in Tal Abyad, TRT said.
Tal Abyad, located in northern Raqqa province, is where Kurdish fighters expelled Islamic State militants in June 2015.
Six rockets landed in the Turkish district of Nusaybin in Mardin city, Anadolu reported, while two rockets hit Ceylanpinar district in Sanliurfa. There were no immediate reports of casualties.
“Fighting between various groups that has been going on for hundreds of years. USA should never have been in Middle East,” Trump tweeted earlier. “Moved our 50 soldiers out … The stupid endless wars, for us, are ending!”